“Citizenship Education and the Personalization of Democracy” (2020) is a book written by Hubert Hermans and Rob Bartels and published by Routledge. The core message of this educational book is that democracy is, more than ever before, in need of the personal contribution of engaged citizens. Democracy is viable only if it is rooted in the hearts and minds of citizens who feel responsible not only for their own well-being, but also for the quality of social relationships in a society with marked differences in race, religion, culture, and gender.
Three basic features define personalized democracy: A critical attitude not only towards others but also towards oneself; learning not only from others but also from oneself; and participation in society with attention to the contradictive nature of one’s own mind. The authors emphasize that the development of personalized democracy and global citizenship requires participation at different identity levels: I as individual, we as members of social groups, we as part of humanity, and we as part of the earth. Written for future teachers at secondary level, the book contains dialogical self theory, research and a wide range of exercises.
Hermans, H.J.M., & Bartels, R. (2020). Citizenship Education and the Personalization of Democracy (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003031116